Bulawayo Power Station Scope



Bulawayo Power Station (BPS) is certified to ISO 9001:2008 and ISO14001:2004 Business Management Systems (BMS) and is currently working towards achieving certification in Integrated Management Systems (IMS). Adoption of IMS will enable the station to follow best practice processes in its power production obligations as required by the ZEDTC (National Grid).





This station is located in Bulawayo, the second largest city in the country at a distance by road of 440km from Harare, the capital city. It is found south – west of the capital city. The town can be accessed by road, rail or air.



Most of the raw materials are sourced from Zimbabwean companies. Critical spares e.g. lubricants, spare parts for maintenance such as boiler grate spares.  Castables are obtained from foundries within the city of Bulawayo.

Coal used is delivered by rail from Collieries located in Hwange which is 335km from Bulawayo.  The other major raw materials used are water, which is supplied by Bulawayo City Council and chemicals from various local suppliers.



The plant was commissioned between 1947 and 1957 as a property of the Bulawayo City Council. It became part of ZESA after the amalgamation of the local authorities, Hwange and Kariba Power Station. It is one of the five power stations belonging to Zimbabwe Power Company, a subsidiary of ZESA Holdings.  It consist of


  1. It Six Yarrow chain grate boilers, each rated at 15MW
  2. Three 30MW CA Parsons turbo-alternators.


This gives an installed capacity of 90MW.

Generated electricity is distributed into the national grid system directly to the consumers through the 11kv and 33kv system. Direct connection to consumers minimises transmission losses. Main by-products from the process include fuel gases, ash and effluent water. The attached site map provides the layout of the various processes’ location within BPS.


Bulawayo Power Station comprises six departments, namely, Maintenance, Operations, Finance, Chemical Services, Loss Control and Human Resources. The attached process flow charts present the main operational processes at BPS with the support processes (Finance, Loss Control, Human Resources and Maintenance) feeding into the main stream. The station is able to carry out most of its day-to-day operations without outside assistance. Outsourcing is only done where expertise is required.  


BPS operates as a base load station with planned capacity of 35MW. The station has become very unreliable and operates below targeted generation due to old age.



The interested parties listed below form part of our business strategy as these support us in many ways on: legal, financial, staff development, supply chain, power evacuation and industrial relations. The board of directors and management help in providing direction to the organisation. Employees are available to operate the plant and equipment to produce electricity. The organisation is constantly in contact with these stakeholders to facilitate smooth running of the station through various platforms of communication e.g. meetings and bulletins.


1.         Government of Zimbabwe

2.         Regulatory Authorities (ZERA, EMA, NSSA)

3.         Local Authorities (BCC, Umguza RDC, etc)

4.         Other Parastatals and State Enterprises             

5.         Southern African Power Pool (SAPP)

6.         Employee Organizations (e.g. ZFTU, ZCTU)

 7.        Suppliers

8.         Financial Institutions

9.         Citizens and Residents of Zimbabwe

10.       Customers (Industry)

11.       Employers Organisations (e.g. EMCOZ)

12.       NECs


  1. Board of Directors
  2. Management
  3. Employees








-Power Purchase Agreement.

-Electricity act



ZPC should deliver capacity as per daily declarations.

·        The nation has a maximum peak demand of 2200MW

·       The frequency must be 50Hz+/-2.5%

·       Power factor =>0.48

·       The power supplied needs to meet minimum set emission standards set by EMA.

·       ZPC has a reliable capacity of 1400MW (e.g. BPS: 23MW)

·       ZPC should deliver capacity as per daily declarations

·       ZPC should charge an approved cost reflective tariff


No person shall construct, own, operate and maintain a generation station with a capacity of more than 100kW without a valid generation license as per requirement of section 42 of the Electricity Act.


Holder of a generation license may supply electricity to any transmission, distribution or supply licensee who purchases electricity for resale.


Daily declarations of the amount of electricity generated  to the grid



Application of the provisions of the Power Purchase Agreement




Generation License in place

Ash Buyers

Environmental Management  ( Effluent and  Solid waste  Disposal) Regulations 

To ensure  that coal ash  buyers  use coal ash  in an environmentally friendly  manner 





Random inspections of ash buyers

Scrap Buyers

Copper Control Act 

, Environmental  Management ( Effluent and Solid waste  disposal )  regulations

The organisation shall not dispose of copper to anyone without a valid copper dealer’s license.



To supply scrap metal to buyers as per agreement. 







ZPC copper handled by ZETDC which has a valid copper dealer’s license.



Bulawayo City Council

  • BCC by-laws
  • Water delivery  contract
  • Model building by laws
  • Urban councils act
  • Model buildings by-laws.

Obtain permit to dispose of effluent into the Bulawayo sewage system.


To adhere to 5000m3 of water usage daily. 








Every habitable room shall be provided with openings for direct admittance of daylight. Artificial lighting shall be provided to habitable rooms and inhabitable  to the satisfaction of local authority


Buildings to have fire protection and emergency exits in case of fire



No person shall, except with the consent of the council and subject to such conditions as it may impose:

a)construct any building or other structure over a water main or in such a position or in such a manner as to be likely to interfere with or endanger a water main ;





Permit to dispose of effluent  into  the sewage system in place 


Water audits.

Planned maintenance schedule for all pipework.

Availability of water recycling mechanisms within the Power Station.



Measurements and monitoring done quarterly and replacements for worn out lights done.



Firefighting equipment in place and is regularly serviced .Emergency escape routes in place.


Risk assessments done and council’s approval prior to any excavation works. Permits issued prior  to  excavation works

Health Professions Authority

Health  Professionals Act Chap 27:19

Industrial Clinic to  be licensed according to section  99 of the Act



The medical practitioners (i.e. doctor and nurse) operating the industrial clinic shall also be in possession of a valid practicing certificate. 







Possession of an industrial clinic premises license renewed on an annual  basis


Clinic Sister  and the  doctor are in possession of valid practicing certificates which are renewed annually



Medicines Control Authority Of Zimbabwe

Medicines and Allied Substances Act

The industrial clinic to source medicines and drugs from reputable suppliers.


To keep a list of all reputable suppliers as recommended by the MCAZ.


To store  drugs under  lock  and  key  



Inventory of invoices from  reputable  suppliers


List of all reputable suppliers stored at the clinic.


Drugs stored under  lock  and key

Ministry Of Health and Child Care

Public Health Act , Food and Food Standards

Medical practitioners, employers of labor,  shall report to the local authority or district administrator, as the case may be, the occurrence of any case of illness or death coming to their notice and suspected to be due to any formidable epidemic disease. 



All food handlers to be in possession of food handler certificates.



Communicable disease outbreak reports






Food handlers at the power station undergo food handler examinations annually.

Environmental Management Agency

Environmental Management Act and its related regulations

To  ensure effective solid waste and effluent  management



To  ensure the power station  pays for its pollution 




To ensure effective energy and resource management



Permits to store hazardous chemicals.



Permit to discharge of stack emissions.




Waste management  plan  in place




Quarterly EMA  emissions billing




Energy audits being carried out.



Permit in place.



Permit in place.

National Social Security Agency


Factories and Works Act

Pneumoconiosis Act 

Registration and control of premises.



Appointment of responsible person.



Precautions against occupational  related accidents



To maintain  an accident  register


To ensure each employee  in a dusty occupation  undergoes pneumoconiosis medical  examinations


Certificate of registration of Factory in place. 


 Competent person in place  ( SEM)



Accident reports to  NSSA .Routine safety trainings


Accident  register  in place


Pneumoconiosis medical exams conducted periodically as per medical bureau’s recommendations  

Standards Association of Zimbabwe

ISO standards

To ensure 100% adherence to international and local standards. 




Implementation of Integrated Management  Systems



Zimbabwe Civil Protection  Unit 

Zimbabwe  Civil Protection  Act 

Coordination  of disaster risk management , promotion  of  emergency preparedness planning and emergency response 

Emergency  Preparedness and Response Plan  in place

Zimbabwe Republic Police

Protected Places and Areas Act 

Reporting and forwarding all acts  of criminality  and road traffic accidents within Bulawayo  Power  Station to  the ZRP  

Police reports in place for all  acts of criminality and road traffic accidents

Tertiary Academic Institutions 


Social  responsibility by  enrolling  students  as attaches’ at the organisation  as  part  of their learning program 

Comprehensive number of attaches’ at the power station. 


State Procurement Board of Zimbabwe

Procurement Act

Invitations  to tender to  be published in the  Government Gazette or newspaper or ZPC Website

( Section 32)




Organisation  to  follow proper  procurement procedures



Organisation to have a procurement plan.    


To have a list of reputable suppliers. 


Tender invitations advertised in the local newspaper.





Procurement  procedure in place 




Procurement plan in place.


List of reputable suppliers from the State procurement board available. 

Zimbabwe Traffic Safety Council

Traffic Safety  Act

To ensure that all  drivers at  the  power  station possess  a valid driver’s license in respect of motor

vehicles of the class concerned; as  per requirement  of section  6  of the Traffic  safety  Act



Drivers Medical examinations 


All  station  vehicles to  be insured against  third  party  risks


All station drivers are in possession of valid driver’s license and are regularly trained in defensive driving. 



Drivers medical certificates  in place 


Third party  Insurance policy present  for the station fleet

Zimbabwe National Water Authority

Water Act




Zimbabwe National  Water  Authority  Act 

Station to possess a permit  to abstract  water for other uses  other than primary  usage  as  required by section  34 of the  water  act 


To maintain and submit records of the amount of borehole water that is being abstracted




Permit to  abstract  water  in place




Daily water  consumption  monitoring

Zimbabwe Energy Regulator Agency

Energy  Regulatory  Authority Act


To have a generation license as required by section 7 of the   Energy Regulatory  Authority Act


Valid ZERA generation license in place.

Zimbabwe Revenue Authority


To  ensure that all  station  suppliers are registered  with  ZIMRA

Valid TAX clearance certificates for station suppliers present.



Postal and Telecommunications Act

To pay telephone bills.

Telephone bills paid monthly.


Contract  terms  and conditions

To ensure the station is supplied with coal with a Sulphur content of less than 2%.

Routine coal analysis tests.

Employer  and  employee  organizations 

Labour Act




The organisation  shall allow any employee to  be part of  a trade union  as required by  section 23 of the Labor Act






Formulation  of a workers union

Employees part of trade  unions








Workers committee present.

Public Accountants and Auditors board. 

Public Accountants and  Auditors Act  , International Accounting  Standards



Compliance with  applicable standards , regulations and codes of practice   etc.

Monthly and quarterly compliance reports.

Insurance Companies

Insurance Policy 

To report all  insured equipment and personal vehicle accidents to the insurer


To report any defects of the  fire system to the insurer 


To  pay all  premiums as per  schedule 



Claim documents



Insurance notification  letter 


Claims paid  as  per requirements

Government  Of Zimbabwe

International Conventions ratified  by  Zimbabwe

(e.g. Montreal   convention , Kyoto protocol )

Production and consumption of compounds that deplete  the stratosphere –CFCs ,halons ,carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform are to be phased out


Control of greenhouse gases(E.g. CO2, CH4 ,SOx , NOx )




Electrostatic precipitators and  girt arrestors  present  on all stacks



Maintenance of optimum furnace  conditions at boilers and use  of coal with  low Sulphur content


Stack emissions surveys

National Railways of Zimbabwe

NRZ contract

To offload wagons on time


To keep  railway  lines clear all  the time in preparation for wagons


Work instructions for wagon offloading in place.







Board Of Directors



Achievement of cooperate goals

Routine station visits by the board of directors.


Head Office



To adhere   to company policies  and  regulations

Monthly Reports



ZPC administration notes

Adherence to Company policies and regulations

Management review meetings.


Strategic planning meetings.



Labour Act

Stable industrial relations

Ø   100% compliance to all labour legislation

Safe and health working environment

Ø   100% compliance to safety legislation

Ø   100% compliance to health legislation

Job security

Ø   Business continuity plan

Personal development

Ø   Self and company initiated courses


Workers committee in place.


SHERQ management systems in place.


Code of conduct and daily grievance procedures in place.


Various on the job training programs offered to employees.

Employees Representatives



Adherence to requirements of Labour Act and

Code of practice

Monthly  workers council meetings



BPS is not involved in the design.